WRITING A RELATED WORK
Print out and read the Abstract, Introduction and Related Work sections of each of the following papers:
- What are they talking about in the related work section?
- What are they trying to do in the related work section?
- How are these related work sections different from one another (aside from topic)?
- mCommerce: What is the relationship between the introduction and related work? [actual content/ideas]
- Family Window: What is the relationship between the introduction and related work? [actual content/ideas]
- Summarize each paragraph in a sentence: what are they saying?
- Look at each subsection: what are they trying to do here? How are they doing it?
- How do they treat each individual piece of literature?
- How do they treat each individual idea?
++ How do they talk about what they plan on doing?
What is the purpose of a related work section?
- Show you are knowledgeable [about the area, and what influences you]
- Provide a reader with sufficient understanding of the problem/solution space to interpret the rest of your work
- Shows how others have tackled similar problems; may show how others have applied a similar approach
- Shows things that are in a related space
- Provides a synthesis of literature -- a new framework for interpreting and understanding others' work
Types Literature Reviews (increasing sophistication)
- annotated bibliography
- by summaries of project/paper
- by history [hard if field is old]
- by concepts and ideas
Ways things are linked
- Addressing a similar problem
- Used a similar approach
- Comparative based on the obvious question
- Comparative based on a question that you derive later (secondary use)
- Too little / much
- Aimless -- what is absolutely important for the reader to really know, otherwise they would either (a) be completely lost, or (b) think you don't know what you're talking about
- Avoids synthesis -- doesn't tell us anything aside from a brief summary of each paper
Strategy 1: Deep Method
- Problem, approach, lessons, evaluation, contribution for each paper (5 sentences)
- Determine what ideas/themes relate based on these summaries
Strategy 2: Outcomes-based Method
- Write two sentences for each paper that you have read -- what are the lessons from that work, how is the system/study different from your own; don't group them
- Group things according to similar topics